Thursday, August 27, 2020

Background Essay -- essays papers

Foundation Data Warfare is characterized as, â€Å" the hostile and guarded utilization of data and data frameworks to deny, abuse, degenerate, or annihilate, an adversary’s data, data based procedures, data frameworks, and PC based systems while securing one’s own. Such activities are intended to accomplish favorable circumstances over military or business adversaries† (Goldberg). Digital Terrorism is characterized as, â€Å"the unlawful utilization of power or savagery against people or property to scare or constrain an administration, the regular citizen populace, or any fragment thereof, in encouragement of political or social targets in the overall system of PC as well as PC arranges that utilization the TCP/IP organize conventions to encourage information transmission and exchange† (Doyle). The two definitions are not formal and are not the specific meanings of either two terms. The purpose behind this is there is no precise definition that comprises data fight ing or digital fear mongering. From these definitions above, we can reason that a digital fear monger will utilize data fighting methods to arrive at his objective. For instance, if the United States comprehends the framework that works the scud rockets of Iraq, at that point through Information Warfare (hacking/splitting) they could make the scud rockets futile. This ensures the Untied States pilots on assaults of concoction or organic weapons of mass demolition by decreasing the odds of the pilots really being destroyed. Data Warfare has been around since the making of the NSA. The primary machine that deciphered code was made by United States researchers and was calls the Fish. Be that as it may, the best progression in our innovation came when the United States took the Enigma machine fr... ...Fear based oppression Introduction. <> [2002, October 16]. Deutch, J. (25, June 1996). Remote Information Warfare Programs and Capabilities. <> [2002, Sept12]. Ensor, D. Garrett, M. Smith M., and Williams, D. (February 20, 2001). FBI surveys 'grave' harm from most recent covert operative outrage. <> [2002, October 16]. Goldberg, I. (December 2, 2000). Glossary of Information Warfare Terms. <> [2002, October 16]. Johnson, D. (2001). PC Ethics. Prentice Hall, NJ. (November 2001) Cyber Protests Related to the War on Terrorism : The Current Threat. < > [2002 September 12].

Saturday, August 22, 2020

10 Phrases Youre Probably Saying Wrong

10 Phrases Youre Probably Saying Wrong 1. Prostrate CancerThis one goes connected at the hip (er†¦ well†¦ obliges) â€Å"anticdote.† Prostate disease is experienced by a large number of people yearly. Prostrate (note the â€Å"r†) has to do with being level on the ground.  2. First-Come, First-ServeI know, I know, you’re most likely very much aware that it’s in reality initially served and it’s simply verbal shorthand. But†¦ demonstrate to every other person that you know it, and you very well might assist them with acknowledging they don’t need to ask the principal individuals there to serve everybody else.â 3. Sneak PeakFun with homophones! Pinnacle, Peek, and Pique are three unique words. A pinnacle is the highest point of a mountain. A look is a brief glance (what you’re sneaking). What's more, arouse is the thing that you storm away in an attack of, or maybe something â€Å"piqued your interest.†Ã¢ 4. Profound SeededThis one seems like it could be right! Something planted profoundly as a seed would have attaches and be difficult to kill! In any case, with regards to language, rationale is some of the time the extraordinary deceiver. What you’re really considering is â€Å"Deep seated†, and it implies immovably established.â 5. Concentrate RevengeIf vengeance were a mixture and somebody had taken yours and you expected to recover it by pressing, what you’d doing is demanding revenge.â 6. Shoe-inThis is the area of your Birkenstocks, correct? Since â€Å"shoo-in† is a guarantee.â 7. Emigrated toIn this present condition of trouble for outsiders and displaced people the same, the least we would all be able to do-I mean indisputably the absolute minimum is to discover that you move to a spot, and emigrate from a spot. Let the beginning or the goal direct whether you accentuate it.â 8. Goaded BreathThink of it along these lines what do fisherpeople use for trap? Everything smells gross, isn't th at so? You wouldn’t need that on your breath. Yet, you may hold it for a moment if the snare got close to you at the end of the day it would have lessened. In this manner, bated breath will be breath that is held in anticipation.â 9. 10 Items or LessThis one drives me wacky in checkout lines everywhere throughout the nation. Less is for fluids. On the off chance that you can gauge it by moving your thumb and pointer closer or separated, it’s less. In the event that it’s anything you can check (like the things in your basic food item truck), for â€Å"not as many,† it’s fewer.â 10. More than 50 billion servedThough we could parse who they’ve served and how well they’ve done it, what McDs implies is more than. Think about the bovine hopping over (for example over) the moon. She presumably observed in excess of 50 billion stars up there!

Friday, August 21, 2020

Rhetoric Analysis Example - How to Follow Up With an Effective Argument

Rhetoric Analysis Example - How to Follow Up With an Effective ArgumentThe main reason why rhetoricians use this type of analysis is to motivate or emphasize their arguments. Rhetorical analysis includes analyses of language, narrative, message, and action. At its most basic level, this type of analysis makes the argument more compelling by highlighting certain strengths or weaknesses of the message. However, in order to achieve a greater impact, you may need to add elements such as tone, diction, and even humor to increase the effectiveness of your argument.If you are having difficulty with persuasive essay examples, there are some steps you can take to help improve the appeal of your argument. Remember that every piece of writing needs to be engaging and enjoyable for the reader. You want your reader to stay for the entire read. To help them do this, here are some basic steps that you can follow:Begin by picking a topic. For example, if you are writing an essay about the Internet a nd the future of the industry, it is important to decide which technological trends are important to your readers. This means determining what your audience wants to know. This can be done by determining what questions your readers have or how they would like to be answered.There are two different types of argument that deal with specific use of terms related to technology. These include the argument for technology that revolves around how technology is affecting society and human society, and the argument for technology that revolve around how people use technology and why we must change with the times. When choosing topics, it is important to remember that the benefits and drawbacks of certain technologies are often different from person to person.Next, come up with a beginning, middle, and ending paragraph. The start of the paragraph is the introduction. The middle will usually be an argument or proof of the thesis statement or idea. The ending of the paragraph is typically an ar gument in support of the conclusion that the topic presented. Using a combination of paragraphs allows the reader to digest your message easier.Make sure that you introduce your topic and then explain your thesis by using argumentative paragraphs in your rhetorical analysis. Then, you will follow it up with examples of ways to present your information to readers. You can use research papers, essays, websites, or anything else that will show how your point is being made. Don't forget to add information on what the reader should do after reading your message.Example paragraphs are great to follow up on a thesis or any information that is being presented. Following up with examples not only supports the information that was presented, but it also forces the reader to go through and make sense of what they just read. In order to make it easier to follow, try adding examples of how your message can be taken one step further.As you can see, when you are choosing a topic for your rhetorica l analysis, you can easily make it more effective by choosing a topic that is relevant to your audience. By deciding on a topic and then implementing that topic in the text, you will be able to explain the topic in an effective manner. After all, your goal is to convince the reader to agree with you and this will only happen when they feel they can understand what you are saying.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Collaboration Between The Illinois Community College Board...

1- Introduction Interagency collaboration is the only approach to enhance sharing of duties and responsibilities in program implementation. The study aims to show the collaboration between the Illinois Community College Board and the Division of Humans capital development to improve adult literacy in the State of Illinois. In 2008, the two agencies entered an agreement with the aim of improving the literacy levels in the State and the objective of the agreement was to improve social literacy among the adults (Charles Horwarth, 2009). The project was to be implemented under the guardianship of the Illinois community College Board (ICCB) that has the responsibility of ensuring that the collaborating agencies work together to achieve the common mandates. The Federal government and the State department of Illinois have closely worked together to ensure that they eliminate the existing barriers that limit access to education. Communities can suffer significant setbacks if education is n ot prioritized with the significant impact being on the lack of the necessary skills to improve the social welfare of old people (Cunningham, 2014). The collaboration between ICCB and IDHS aims at improving the skills of working people by extending educational services to the vulnerable members of the society. The collaboration of the agencies aims at providing adult literacy services and improving the current family support services. The collaborative effort is focused mainly on improvingShow MoreRelatedThe Concept Of Collaboration Within The Organization2063 Words   |  9 PagesInteragency collaboration is the modern concept of collaboration in which different organization within and outside of government work together towards a common objective. Collaboration involves all the organizations and agencies in the advancement of the common agenda, and it has been the real catalyst for development (Finn Kohler, 2009). Different programs have been initiated to ensure that agencies can collaborate and work together to enhance social, economic and political development. AgenciesRead MoreFair Presentation---an Ethical Perspective on Fair Value Accounting Pursuant to the Sec Study on Mark-to-Market Accounting6378 Words   |  26 Pages53 FAIR PRESENTATION---AN ETHICAL PERSPECTIVE ON FAIR VALUE ACCOUNTING PURSUANT TO THE SEC STUDY ON MARK-TO-MARKET ACCOUNTING Sharon S. Seay, Macon State College Wilhelmina H. Ford, Macon State College ABSTRACT Fair value accounting has received a significant amount of blame as the cause of the current financial crisis. Fair value accounting does not cause illiquidity or volatility in financial markets. Banks, rather than accounting, caused the existing crisis, ultimately through bad lendingRead More1.1 Discuss the Purpose of Corporate Communication Strategies16606 Words   |  67 Pages1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 THE SHAREHOLDER APPROACH THE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY/ETHICAL APPROACH THE CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIVENESS APPROACH THE CORPORATE SOCIAL PERFORMANCE APPROACH THE STAKEHOLDER APPROACH THE ISSUES APPROACH THE ‘CORPORATE COMMUNITY’ APPROACH CONCLUSION 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 5 6 4. STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT AS A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK 6 6 8 8 8 9 9 10 11 11 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 15 4.1 STRATEGY AS THE MAJOR CONCEPT 4.2 THE CONTEXT OF STRATEGIC MANAGEMENTRead MoreEarly Supplier Integration in the Design of the Skid-Steer Loader18409 Words   |  74 Pagesï » ¿PART 5—LOOKING TO THE FUTURE Chapter 16—SUPPLY CHAIN PROCESS INTEGRATION AND A LOOK TOWARDS THE FUTURE For those for whom integration is not happening, the future is bleak and getting darker.1 There is a lot of value that is â€Å"trapped† between the processes trading partners use to transact business, and when companies work together, they can unlock that value and share its benefits.2 LEARNING OBJECTIVES After completing this chapter, you should be able to: Discuss and compare internalRead MoreStrategic Analysis of Sabmiller16462 Words   |  66 Pagesnamed George Raw. Neither of them knew anything about brewing, but they persuaded the local residents to help establish the Natal Brewery Syndicate. After purchasing a factory site, Frederick Mead returned to England to procure machinery and raise capital. In need of brewing expertise, Mead approached W.H. Hackblock, head of Morgans Brewery in Norwich. The two men became friends and Hackblock agreed to serve as chairman of Meads company, which was registered in 1890 as the Natal Brewery SyndicateRead MoreStrategic Analysis of Sabmiller16447 Words   |  66 Pagesnamed George Raw. Neither of them knew anything about brewing, but they persuaded the local residents to help establish the Natal Brewery Syndicate. After purchasing a factory site, Frederick Mead returned to England to procure machinery and raise capital. In need of brewing expertise, Mead approached W.H. Hackblock, head of Morg ans Brewery in Norwich. The two men became friends and Hackblock agreed to serve as chairman of Meads company, which was registered in 1890 as the Natal Brewery SyndicateRead MoreTrends in Workplace17940 Words   |  72 Pagesphenomenally interesting--and demanding. Professionals who are responsible for workplace learning and performance improvement are squarely in the center of the swirl of exciting possibilities--and requirements--that are emerging. The inextricable link between rapid technological change and the emergence of the global economy has created the necessity for profound change in the way people and organizations work. As a result, workplace learning is arguably more strategic to the competitive advantage of bothRead MoreHistory of Social Work18530 Words   |  75 PagesSubjects allocated to the Ministry of Social Justice Empowerment -India ..............................................................41 Ministry of Women and Child Development -India .....................................................................................................42 Subjects allocated Ministry of Women and Child Development -India .......................................................................43 2 S.Rengasamy-History of Social Welfare / Social Work History of SocialRead MoreExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words   |  658 Pages– how can small players survive changing markets? Amazon (B) – latest developments in a successful Formula One – developing the capabilities for competitive success in a hi-tech industry. Manchester United – clash of expectations in the football world. Salvation Army – strategic challenges for a global not-for-profit organisation with a mission. Bayer MS – corporate social responsibility in the international development of a German company. Eurotunnel – clash of cultures threatens to derailRead MoreManagement Course: Mba−10 General Management215330 Words   |  862 PagesManagement Course: MBA−10 General Management California College for Health Sciences MBA Program McGraw-Hill/Irwin abc McGraw−Hill Primis ISBN: 0−390−58539−4 Text: Effective Behavior in Organizations, Seventh Edition Cohen Harvard Business Review Finance Articles The Power of Management Capital Feigenbaum−Feigenbaum International Management, Sixth Edition Hodgetts−Luthans−Doh Contemporary Management, Fourth Edition Jones−George Driving Shareholder Value Morin−Jarrell Leadership

Friday, May 15, 2020

Symbols in The Catcher in the Rye - 967 Words

Symbols in The Catcher in the Rye In The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger many symbols are used to show a deeper meaning for the people, objects and places Holden Caulfield comes in contact with during the story. Holden is often unable to connect to or make relationships with other people, and his encounters usually end with him alone and feeling insecure. Holden deals with these insecurities by looking for the phoniness in others. But his failures are something that he cannot truly run from, no matter how often he tries. Holden sees the innocence of childhood and dreams of protecting that innocence by being a catcher in the rye. But sooner or later Holden will realize that eventually children grow up. In The Catcher in the Rye†¦show more content†¦I saw it in the window of this sports store when we got out of the subway, just after I noticed I’d lost all the goddam foils† (17). Almost right after buying the hat and losing the foils Holden uses it to hide from his mistakes. Holden’s hunting hat makes him unique from others, making him, in a sense, separated from other people. He is also insecure about his hat and won’t really wear it around some people. Holden shows this when he says, â€Å"I took my old hunting hat out of my pocket while I walked, and put it on. I knew I wouldn’t meet anybody that knew me†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (122). Holden likes being different, but he also desires to be like others. He enjoys trying to connect with other people, but every encounter seems to go poorly for him. The red hunting hat connects to the novel as a whole because it symbolizes Holden’s inner struggle for both companionship and isolation. In the Catcher in the Rye these symbols represent problems that Holden faces throughout the novel. Scarred by his brother’s death, Holden has always found comfort in the purity of children. Even Holden’s hunting hat is red, like the color of Phoebe and Allie’s hair. Holden has developed this image that children are innocent and pure, and he is disturbed by the fact that they cannot remain that way forever. When he saw the swear words on the school wall, he never thought of the possibility that one of the students could have written them there .Show MoreRelatedIn â€Å"Catcher in the Rye† by J.D. Salinger, Holden Caulfield’s red hunting hat a symbol. A symbol600 Words   |  3 PagesIn â€Å"Catcher in the Rye† by J.D. Salinger, Holden Caulfield’s red hunting hat a symbol. A symbol represents and idea, belief, image or object. This hat helps us see and witness Holden’s journey from childhood to adulthood. Holden Caulfieldâ€⠄¢s red hunting hat is a symbol that represents the struggle between isolation and human contact, protection, link to innocence and growth as his story unfolds. Though it is a bumpy ride, its a ride we will all take. Though Holden seems like he hates society,Read MoreSymbols And Images Of The Catcher Rye : What s The Holden s Head? 1758 Words   |  8 Pagesin The Catcher in the Rye: What’s in Holden’s Head? In J.D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye, many symbols and images relate to the main character, Holden. Many of these symbols represent how Holden sees the life around him and what kind of person is Holden Caulfield. Such symbols include the red hunting hat, the ducks in Lagoon Lake, the museum, broken glass, a carousel, catcher in the rye, cigarettes and smoking, Allie’s baseball mitt, and the Little Shirley Beans record. These symbols are essentialRead MoreF. Salinger s The Catcher s The Rye 1614 Words   |  7 Pagespsychopaths shelves, also the best novel read in class. The Catcher in the Rye is a novel commonly found on psychopaths’ shelves and no one has ever found out why. It is a remarkable novel that has been banned in the past but is also studied today in schools around the world. In Mr. Capilongo’s grade 9 AP English class, three novels were read following the theme of â€Å"The teen experience†: To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger, and The Chrysalids, by John Wyndham.Read MoreSymbolism In Catcher In The Rye712 Words   |  3 PagesCatcher in the Rye essay Essay question: Analyse how symbolism was used to develop the key ideas in the written text. In the novel â€Å"Catcher in the Rye†, author J.D Salinger uses symbolism to create and portray key idea to us as the readers. The key ideas he portrays are; Holden Caulfield is the guardian of youth and that Holden is a broken record that no one wants to listen to. Throughout the novel, author J.D Salinger often mentions a red hunting hat worn by Holden and the way in which HoldenRead More Comparing A Separate Peace and The Catcher in the Rye Essay example1500 Words   |  6 PagesComparing A Separate Peace and The Catcher in the Rye The coming of age novels, The Catcher in the Rye, written by J.D. Salinger, and A Separate Peace, written by John Knowles, both interpret the lives of adolescent boys journeying through their conflicts and inner confusion to reach the level of maturity. Salinger and Knowles both discern the literal ways a typical teenager grows up with the help of literary elements such as plot, setting, character development, conflicts, irony, symobolismRead MoreAnalysis Of Characters And Themes Of The Catcher Rye 1537 Words   |  7 Pages Analysis of Characters and Themes in The Catcher in the Rye J.D. Salinger was born in 1919 to a wealthy Manhattan family. He grew up in the same social conditions as Holden Caulfield does in The Catcher in the Rye. The last thing Salinger cared about was being a successful student because he was very lazy, without care for his responsibilities and tasks. Salinger flunked out of many prep schools, and his parents sent him to a military academy named Valley Forge in Pennsylvania, where he graduatedRead MoreComparison and Contrast of a Separate Peace and Catcher in the Rye1515 Words   |  7 PagesComparison and Contrast Essay A Separate Peace and The Catcher in the Rye The coming of age novels, The Catcher in the Rye, written by J.D. Salinger, and A Separate Peace, written by John Knowles, both interpret the lives of adolescent boys journeying through their conflicts and inner confusion to reach the level of maturity. Salinger and Knowles both discern the literal ways a typical teenager grows up with the help of literary elements such as plot, setting, character development, conflictsRead MoreTheme Of Symbolism In Catcher In The Rye1080 Words   |  5 Pages10 Hour 2 6 December 2017 The Catcher in the Rye: Prompt 3 In the novel, Catcher in the Rye, by J.D. Salinger uses a variety of symbols to support the thematic idea that maturation and the loss of innocence are an inescapable rite of passage for all of humanity. Three significant symbols that signify the importance of alteration and losing one’s purity to become more suited to live in the real world are the ducks in the lagoon of Central Park, the â€Å"Catcher in the Rye†, and the carousel and the goldRead MoreUse of Symbolism in The Catcher in the Rye and The Great Gatsby820 Words   |  4 PagesUse Of Symbolism In The Catcher In The Rye and The Great Gatsby There are many writers like James Joyce, Patrick Kananach and Thomas Moore who use symbolism to convey and support indirect meaning in their writings. J.D. Salinger and F. Scott Fitzgerald both use symbolism in similar ways. In both The Catcher In The Rye and The Great Gatsby, the authors used symbolism to convey emotions and reality. In The Catcher In The Rye, J.D. Salinger uses Holdens red hunting cap, the exhibitsRead MoreJ.b. Salinger s The Catcher s The Rye 1319 Words   |  6 PagesJ.D. Salinger’s Use of Symbolism in The Catcher in the Rye J.D. Salinger is well known for his works. His most famous being The Catcher in the Rye. Two other of his famous works include Nine stories and Franny and Zooey. J.D Salinger is also well known for his sense of humor that he includes inside of his books. The Catcher in the Rye has become an essential work to be studied in academic literature and its course of study. This book entails many uses of symbolism throughout the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Rational Customers The Market Environment - 1086 Words

Experts Keith and Gubellini argue that consumers are fickle, and that they rarely know what they want in the market environment whereas experts Bovà ©e and Thill counter that argument stating consumers are experts in the market environment. In order to be an â€Å"expert† in the market sense, one must have rationality. Rational customers are those who know what he wants and seeks to make the most of available opportunities and resources given the scarcity constraints he faces. The term, â€Å"rational† in the traditional economic sense means the customer already knows everything there is to know about his needs and desires, the products in the market, etc.; however, that definition is nonsense. For the truly rational customer, there is a trade-off between the value of additional information and the cost required to obtain it. However for those irrational or fickle in the market setting, the result is that all decisions are based on satisfaction rather than optimizing. Furthermore, there is that â€Å"rationality† not in the sense of how one determines what to buy in the market, but in terms of what one wants. This is not to say that having rationality when purchasing goods and services is bad. The truth of the matter is that most people do not actually go in a market with this mindset, and thus consumers are fickle because they base their decisions on their desires and tastes. Keith and Gubellini state that Americans â€Å"have become accustomed to the luxury of plenty and are not as easilyShow MoreRelatedProcessual Strategy1272 Words   |  6 PagesProcessual, Rational, Fuzzy, Evolutionary 1. Processual approach: Strategy is produced in an incremental fashion, as a pattern in a stream of decisions. Fuzzy approach: Companies sometimes adopt an incremental approach to change. Whats different between these two approach? The Processual approach is really talking about strategy emerging from the many different day-to-day decisions taken by the staff. It’s incremental, in that it is occurring by being added to with each decision taken. EachRead MoreStrategies For Achieving Global Competitive Advantage1475 Words   |  6 Pagesconditions that permit an organization to produce a good or service at a lower price or in a more desirable fashion for customers. These conditions permit the entity to generate more sales or greater margins than its competition. The competitive advantages are ascribed to an assortment of variables, including brand, cost structure, quality of product, distribution network, and customer support. But the main two basics for achieving competitive advantage are cost advantage and differentiation advantageRead MoreThe Neoclassical School Of Influencing Policy Makers Essay1487 Words   |  6 Pagesunderstand the different forms of competition, as well as the context of the mar kets examined. The Neoclassical perspective champions competition, in all it’s forms, as being a model that benefits both the consumers and suppliers. The benefits for consumers being an increased choice which in turn leads to better consumer satisfaction as more of these goods are modelled to specific tastes. In contrast, monopolistic markets show a decline in social welfare through limited choice, reduced consumer surplusRead MoreSamsung Electronics Company Strategic Management System Essay1394 Words   |  6 Pagesdeveloped a strong customer-focus which emphasizes on understanding the needs and wants of customers and future needs. Second, Samsung recognize the power of well-designed products and services. Third, Samsung has a strong design philosophy, which is simple and intuitive, efficient and adaptive. Fourth, it tries to create designs that can reflect user s lifestyles and interact with them. Finally, Samsung maximize long-term growth by launching new product and entering new market s. According to theRead MoreApple Inc. ‚Äà ¬ Rational System1583 Words   |  7 PagesApple Inc. – Rational System Apple Inc. was formerly known as Apple Computer Inc for about 3 decades, but removed the word Computer in 2007, to show the company s ongoing progression into the consumer electronics market, in addition to its traditional focus on personal computers. Apple Inc is a corporation that designs and markets consumer electronics such as the iPod, iPhone, iPad, computer software such as the Mac OS X operating system, and personal computers such as the Mac Book and Mac BookRead MoreExperiential Marketing : Importance, Strategic Issues And Its Impact Essay1657 Words   |  7 PagesAngelou Introduction Rapidly growing consumer market and their cynical towards advertising give new challenge to marketer to find new ways to capture the attention of their audience.The omnipresence of IT , Supremacy of Brand and ubiquity of communication and entertainment have shifted company approach from â€Å"Feature and benefits â€Å"towards Experiential Marketing. Traditional marketing presents an engineering driven, rational, analytical view of customer, product and competition, now it is consideredRead MoreThe Strategy As An Intendant Plan1364 Words   |  6 Pagesdefined as an intendant plan designed to achieve a particular long term goal. However, Mintzberg suggests that in a business context a strategy is more than just a plan. He suggests that â€Å"it is a pattern that is found in a stream of actions, a market position, and the organisation s perspective† (Pearsall, 2001). In 1985 Walters and Mintzberg introduced the idea of a strategy as consisting of two elements: emergent strategy and deliberate strategy. This view was supported by Ocasio Joseph inRead MoreThe Rational Perspectives Of Management Essay1479 Words   |  6 Pagesthe case because of the ever changing business environment that is characterized by so many political, social, ethical, regulatory, and environmental issues that affect how a business is able to inte ract with all its stakeholders and meet their different needs and interests. It is the work of the management to ensure that an organization is able to address these challenges appropriately in order to be able to survive in this changing business environment. Of interest, there are three very importantRead MoreDominos1317 Words   |  6 Pagesthan 1 million customers enjoy hot, delicious Domino’s pizza products on every inhabited continent on Earth† (Domino’s Pizza Inc., n.d.). Mission and Vision Statement â€Å"Exceptional franchisees and team members on a mission to be the best pizza delivery company in the world†. Domino’s Pizza is also committed to an inclusive culture that values the contributions of their customers, team members and suppliers. The Domino’s Pizza also provides product variety to meet all customer needs and teamRead MoreCompany Overview of Rational AG1882 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Bavarian firm Rational AG manufactures and markets products that deliver thermal food preparation. The companys customers are primarily institutional or commercial, as its products are designed for large-scale food production. The company sees its market as the global food production business, with a total of 2.5 million professional kitchens. Of these, 30% use the same type of combi-steamer technology that Rational makes, while the rest use traditional cooking techniques. The companys

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Coroners Report Analysis Toowoomba Base Hospital

Question: Describe about the Coroners Report Analysis for Toowoomba Base Hospital. Answer: Introduction Coroners report has been used to provide information about the case of Katie Lee Howman who worked as a Registered Nurse in Toowoomba Base hospital and was involved in handling critical situations in the hospital. Based on this information, Katie knew about nursing interventions that could be used for different health conditions. The report states that Katie was married and got two young children. She died in her home while injecting herself with opioid drugs known as Fentanyl. This drug is usually used as an anesthetic to help people who are undergoing surgery to reduce the intensity of pain felt. The detection of this drug into the body of Katie was developed by a pathologist, Dr. Roger Guard. This was the only opioid detected in her body, but some other contents of drugs were detected too, which include citalopram, levetiracetam, and ibuprofen. These drugs are used as antidepressants, anticonvulsant and anti-inflammatory, showing that Katie had several problems that she needed cur b, including severe pain (Jensen, 2009). Therefore, based on the doctors views, she had abused these drugs. Katie was addicted to intravenous drug abuse (Fentanyl), and her death was the outcome of pathophysiological changes caused by long-term use of this drug. For instance, Fentanyl is a drug that is used as an aesthetic, and it is sometimes misused as a drug. Also, if a person uses it as a drug for a long duration, just as Katie was using, it is usually addictive, and it can force any user to use it continuously. Further, the pathologist indicated that these drugs were reacting to the body of Mrs. Heath, thus creating crystals into her vessels. These crystals in the vessels led to the problem of blood flow into the vessels. This meant that her lungs were also straining to oxygenate the blood because there was not sufficient flow of blood into the vessels (Ballantyne, 2006). Therefore, the doctor continued to make conclusions that granuloma effect in the lungs is always an indication that there is foreign substance into the body (McAuliffe, 2016). These results showed that the presence o f the drug substances was reacting with the body and they had not performed the function Katie was perceiving. After analyzing the autopsy findings, Dr. Hall stated that there was a significant number of people who had died of an opioid overdose because it is addictive as determined by National Institute of Drug Abuse (2016). After confirming that Mrs. Howman had died of Fentanyl overdose, he noted that the prevalence of people who died of the same was high and it was not a strange observation in their recent diagnosis (Aronson, 2010). This paper has been developed to create a review of Coroners report about the death of Katie Lee. Discussion of Medical and Nursing Practice Documentation and Communication Documentation and communication regarding administration of medication play an outstanding role not only in safe medicine practice to patients but also serve as a guiding tool to Paramedical staff for safe medicine handling( prevents misuse of addictive drugs). On the one hand, proper documentation ensures that the five rights of administration of medication have been addressed that is right patient, right drug, right dose, right time and right route of administration. On the other hand, illegal practices among health care members related to potentially addictive drugs are also identified and controlled by documentation and Communication. In this context also, there was a lack of policies and procedures for safe medicine handling by health care providers. However, in order to ensure the safety of both the nurse and the patients, there should be some policies and procedures to follow. For example, in Western Australia, a code of practice for handling Schedule 8 medicine (Drug of addiction) has been launched. This practice follows The Poisons Act 1964 and Poison Regulations 1965. Actually, every effort is made to ensure safe medicine practice by staff members. Whether it is the person who prescribes medication (Medical Practitioners) or the person who administer it (Registered Nurses and Enrolled Nurses), they have to meet a set of standards (Board of Australia, 2016). For example, only authorized or registered medical practitioner can prescribe medication. Additionally, the prescription should be in the written form of organization chart along with the signature. Not only this, each location within the hospital premise s supposed to have a separate register for record keeping of addictive drugs. Further, these drugs are inventoried on a monthly basis to identify and control tampering of drugs. Thereby, every hospital should follow certain policies and procedures to ensure safe medicine handling by the staff. Ethical Decision-Making The ethical dilemma is a situation where Nurses and other heath practitioner find difficulty in providing ethically sound care to the patients because of some influencing factors. There are always some factors which do not let them make ethically sound decisions for improving the quality of care being given to the patient. In this context, I found the hospital in an ethical dilemma with regard to providing efficient care to their patients. Firstly, Katie health condition was not allowing her to give appropriate care to the patients. Organisation has also found some evidence around it. For example, poor management of workload by Katie (complaint by a staff member). Additionally, one time she was not fair in Documentation with regard to patient care. She gave the medication but forget to document it. However, Documentation and communication are one of the important methods to direct or guide safe and effective patient care (Epstein and Turner, 2015). State An Ethical Problem An ethical dilemma rose where the hospital had to ensure the safety (nonmaleficence) as well as the quality of care being given to the patient. At the same time, they had to address Mental and physical health issues which Katie was experiencing by respectingthe autonomy (freedom to work in a suitable work environment like low care setting)principle as well. Additional Information Collection And Analysis Of The Problem Katie's health condition was not investigated properly. Despite being reported many times, she was working as a Critical Care Nurse who was a very demanding work for her. At the same time, patient safety was at risk. Alternatives One of the best alternatives could be Detection and control of these types of issue as early as possible with the help of strategies, such as routine dope test every 4-6 months for each employee to detect any drug addiction. Working closely and delicately to the issue that Katie was experiencing thus providing suitable work environment (Low care) where she would not have access to Fentanyl as well as less demand by her body to take medicine. Additionally, the organization could have arranged counseling session for her to find the root cause behind drug addiction. Hence arrangement of better interventions could be possible. Selecting Best Alternative The second alternative is more appropriate Required Strategies To Implement It AN Organisation's manager plays a very crucial role in addressing these types of issues. Attitude, feelings and understanding of the manager towards these sorts of issues found around nursing care play crucial role in determining the perspective of all another staff member. Thus, a strong need is felt on the part of managers to be more efficient in their role as a facilitator in this type of situations. Thereby, Australian Board of Nursing and Midwifery need to understand the complexities behind the phenomenon and make policies to make sure that managers are performing well in this type of situations. Advocacy According to Kirby (1995), Advocacy is basically supporting patients right. Its scope range from acknowledging the patient about their rights as a patient (Patient education) to actually helping them to have the right kind of care delivered to them (Coordinating with managing authority to acknowledge any issue found in the patient care because of the negligence of another staff member). In Katies case, she herself was a patient, and her colleagues are supposed to take relevant actions for her. In the mentioned scenario, neither any staff nurses nor Katie herself recognized the rights for receiving special kind of care and circumstances from managing authority. It's against the code of ethics provided by Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia as well as the benefits mentioned in Job letter of most of the Organisation. It is promised that every employee has the right to choose suitable working arrangements in specific circumstances. Furthermore, under special circumstances such as incompetent care, physical and mental health issues, special care is provided without any undue judgment and discrimination. Thus, an organization not only respects the right of Autonomy and respect for the patient but for its employee also. Despite this fact, Katies health issues have not been advocated. As a result, confusion arises on the part of organization culture which will be explained further. Mrs. Howmans medical condition was not advocated with the highest level of professionalism and care from the doctors she visited. The only step that was taken towards that issue was to prescribe drugs that were thought to reduce or curb the pain but not to cure the real issue she was suffering. Almost all the drugs that she was advised to use were addictive, and the medical practitioners did not take care of the fact the Katie was also vulnerable to the drugs, and she could be addicted. She needed a great support in dealing with the condition of severe pain that she was experiencing throughout her life. These reasons led to the misuse and overdose of the medications she thought of caring in nature. Leadership and Management Leadership is about supporting co-workers. It involves moving forward for helping patient, family, and Nurses to recognize and attain their rights. This aspect of managing Katies condition was very much similar to Advocacy where Nurses act for nurses. Nurses working with the Katie should have advocated for the safety of both patient and Nurses. Nevertheless, they report about the Katie and thereby protected patients safety; no one stands out for Katies Autonomy. This might be the reason that management did not take quick and reasonable steps to address her problem. Management only reported to APHRA for two times. The supervision and the investigation system employed for detecting substance abuse by Katy were not good as well. The management of Katies condition was not up to the standards because the people who were involved in stabilizing her condition were not informed about her medical history. For instance, Dr. Phillipson was not aware of the fact that Katie was using a sterile needle to inject herself with such drugs. This fact affected the success of psychiatric treatment that the doctor was offering to Mrs. Howman after she abused the drugs in January 2010. Further, As per AHPRAs directions, Katie supposed to undergo urine screening that determines the type of drugs that she was using. She was also supposed to be supervised to avoid illegal use of drugs in the hospital. However, in this situation the circumstances were different. When they noticed consistent screening results, they assumed that she had stopped abusing drugs. This was a wrong decision to make because she was still experiencing the hip pain, which means that she could still use the Fentanyl drugs to reduce the pain in cases where tram adol among other prescribed drugs was not functioning well. Next, Toowoomba organization had not developed a culture of developing a medical history for their employees that could assist in any situations needed. Therefore, it can be stated that the hospital did not have effective and efficient management that could handle their employees perfectly. There was a great need of improvement on the way they handled issues affecting their employees, for example, Katies case. Organisational Culture On the basis of personal experience, organizational culture involves feelings, attitudes, understanding and most importantly perspective of managing authority for maintaining job satisfaction and mental health of the employees. For this different method are employed such as frequent communication between the team leader and the Nurse, policies and procedures like non-judgemental behavior towards any types of dispute or specific needs of employees, anonymous complaining system, etc. Interestingly, this helps in retaining employees too. In this scenario, there might be a lack of communication between Katie and the senior Nurse or Team leader that prevented her problems to be addressed. Secondly, Katie's work environmental might be unsuitable for her (too much workload and physical or mental health issues would have affected her performance on the floor). However, no any concern has been shown from either colleagues or senior staff members for her miserable condition. Thus, many uncertainties arise about the organizational culture for addressing these types of issues where the organization is unable to address as well as manage the specific needs of some employees. Worth to mention here is the organizational culture role in these types of scenarios. According to Zachariadou, Zannetos, and Pavlakis (2013), sometimes it is organizational culture itself which promotes mental health issues in nursing staff because of many reasons. For example, increase the workload on employees, unfair policies of the organization which includes not concerning employees complaints such as bullying or mental torture by another staff member in the situations like drug addiction or alcoholism by staff Nurses. Consequently, organization culture has also influenced the way Katies case was handled. Coroners Findings Coroner scrutinized this issue of Katie by ensuring that every relevant information was put across thus paving the way for justice. In this case, the medical report of Katie was established that shown almost all the conditions that were related to her death. It was found that Katie had severe pains in hips that troubled her very much and she was always finding a solution to the issue. In the process of seeking medical assistance, she was prescribed to drugs that would reduce the severity of the pains, though they turned up to be addictive (Rave and Larsen, 1995). It was not within her understanding that these drugs would be addictive. Therefore, she reached a level that she could not live without the drugs, and it was observed by several people in her workplace. At some point, a nurse in the hospital observed that Katie had used the sterile needle in the washrooms though they were unsuccessful to find out the chemical contents of the syringe. The coroner also found that the Australia n Health Practitioner Regulations Authority (AHPRA) had been informed about her behaviors and ordered the hospital management to observe her behaviors check out if she was abusing any drug substance (Stannard, Coupe, and Pickering, 2007). The Coroners findings finally declared that Katie dies of Fentanyls injections that were termed as overdose and reactions according to the autopsy findings. Later after Dr. Phillipson retired from his work where he was serving Katie, the general practitioner who was left to take care of her found out that she was hardly living with opioids based on her confession. This was clear evidence that Katie was addicted and she need great medical support to help her fight the addiction. Although she has always been denying to be abusing an illicit substance, the fact that she could not live without the opioids affirmed the abuse (, 2016). The coroner also found out that the Heath was not much informed about the health condition although he knew about the pains. He had never found out that her wife was using opioid (Fentanyl) to reduce the pains she was experiencing, which was against doctors prescriptions (Ruzycki and Yarema, 2016). Lack of information and evidence about the mi suse of opioids by Katie led to great surprise when the family and friends learned about her death. Recommendations The health organizations among other firms should understand that it is their responsibility to monitor the statuses of their employees. This will ensure that cases such as Katies are minimal in the society and peoples medical conditions are handled effectively. The misuse of opioids in the community needs also to be monitored to reduce the prevalence of use and protect the society from losing more people because of the same issue. Finally, it is important to inform relatives or guardians about perceived health issues, and this should also be advised by the medical practitioners to help them manage their conditions more efficiently. References American Nurses Association, (2016). Healthy Nurse, Healthy Nation. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 30 Oct. 2016]. Aronson, J. (2010). Meyler's side effects of analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science. Ballantyne, J. (2006). Opioids for chronic pain: Taking stock. Pain, 125(1), pp.3-4. 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